How Europe Designed and Evolved The Ariane Rocket Over Last 4 Decades

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The first launch of the Ariane 1 happened on December 24th 1979, starting a long and successful career as the worlds most popular launch vehicle for Geostationary spacecraft. The design evolved through 5 major generations with the Ariane 6 set to fly in 2020 and eventually replace the Ariane 5.

Further Info:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ariane_(rocket_family)
http://www.b14643.de/Spacerockets_1/West_Europe/West_Europe.htm
https://what-when-how.com/space-science-and-technology/ariane-rocket-program/

Comments: 100
  1. SpoilerAlert

    01:23 That doesn’t look good, what happened there?

  2. Dominic Aspden

    Oh boy ya boy Mr Manley is on 999k subs, so close to 1m.

  3. T 25

    A bad idea
    Combustion in the fuel tanks
    Agreed

  4. 3roomlab

    can you do a special about hypersonic rockets? esp the physics …

  5. mgabrysSF

    Kewl. That was one of the platforms that put the Echostar/Dishnetwork space fleet into orbit when I worked there (it was interesting to work for a company that had it’s own space-fleet).

  6. Chester Liwosz

    1:26 rocket takes damage on liftoff

  7. Marco Schön

    Thin information about the Ariane 6. Please make an extra video about it one day.

  8. Rocket Moose

    At 1:24 did that panel puncture the booster?

  9. ichglotzTV

    As a youth in the 1st half of the 1980s, I once touched the 2nd stage of an Ariane rocket with my own hands during a factory visit at “ERNO” in the city of Bremen.
    Back then I believed touching a rocket meant something.
    Today in this country of technoclasm I’ve lost all my belief in the future.

  10. CrazyKristiana

    “jupiter icy moons exploder” did you really just say that? ^^ 12:20

  11. Matt Nicholson

    Please do a video on the Titan family!

  12. Pascal S.

    Damn they should have launched the first Ariane on new years eve. It would have been the biggest rocket in the sky (or the biggest explosion)

  13. PanzerBuyer

    Getting close to the big 1M Scott!

  14. Ecto Gaming 20

    All those panels falling off when the older arianes launch make me very anxious lol

  15. Sklawz Einstein

    Merry Christmas Happy New Year! Information educational videos. Harder to find on YouTube. One of my favorite rocket names.

  16. 7cle

    Thank you !

  17. Hugo Stiglitz

    @1.29 looks like a piece of shielding what’s supposed to separate rips a chunk out of the rocker body??
    Edit: I’ve just noticed it happens several times!

  18. Deadzio

    3k more subscribers to break another barrier :)

  19. SkepticTwilight

    Your videos always remind me of every project that have existed and other organizations to celebrate their birthday such as Ariana!

  20. MCRN ORB1T4L

    Imagine missing xmas dinner because you’re on the team responsible for launching a rocket. Sign me up.

  21. Chris Coreline

    ohh first! Happy birthday rocket friend! All that debris that sheers off at launch (insulation?) gives me the fear.

  22. AstroTommy

    Can you make a video about the return to flight of the Chinese Long March 5 please…

  23. Asger Vestbjerg

    Thanks for the update 👍🎆
    Thanks for sharing 👍😀

  24. Riccardo Solli

    8:46 Ariane 4 reminds me Kerbal Space Program

  25. Bob Blum

    The diagram of the Ariane 1 second stage made me think of a slimmer version of the Saturn S-IVB stage.

  26. Arun Vaidyanathan

    Woooowwww

  27. MrKKUT1984

    Dear god fingers crossed when it launches jwst

  28. Cashuma

    . . . it is most applaudable how strictly you stick to only technical and historical facts without emphasising any nationalistic or politically competitive aspects – thank you !!!

  29. mikldude

    All the best for Xmas and new year Mr Manley !
    And thanks for sharing your rocket wisdom with us ;) .

  30. Jacob Lyman

    1:25 So is it supposed to puncture its own fuel tank during launch?

  31. Chubb-R

    Hullo! It’s Scott Manley here…

  32. Chester Dilig

    Wow thats the first time ive heard stoichiometric pronounce that way haha

  33. Bryan Powell

    what’s with the bits falling off around the 1:30 mark to about 2:00, inter-stage fairing? looks like it near punctured one of the tanks.

  34. Sylvia Else

    Regarding the Black Arrow, is there any other country that has abandoned so many major projects once they’re are either working, or very nearly working? Black Arrow, TSR2, APT. What else?

  35. yannniQue 17

    Why are there falling off so big panels at the start?

  36. TheGandorX

    I remember the fail of the first Ariane 5 launch due a blunder in the software (would have been found if it had been properly tested).

  37. Ed Farr

    great video Scott!
    I was wondering if you saw the new season of Lost in Space yet because I was hoping you’d review some of the…………….. interesting physics involving the resolute.

  38. 100SteveB

    Slight design flaw at 1:23 me thinks!

  39. curious life

    12:20
    Why want those pesky Eueopeans to blow up Jupiters moons with the Icy Moon Exploder?

  40. Robert Klauco

    As always, very informative and interesting. Thanks for your work!

  41. NZ Salt Flats Racer

    1:26 panel knocked a hole in the main tank.

  42. NonAccettaNullah

    Britain, leaving europe since 1968

  43. Dr. Feelicks

    Now I know, thank you.

  44. MoonMan22

    I did an Ariane 5 video on my channel. One of my favorite launch vehicles. Thanks for the great vid!

  45. Dave Goldspink

    Great video thanks would love to see a video on the F1 engine.

  46. Rollertoaster 81

    What are the panels we see coming off the vehicle at 9:52?

  47. Philippe Garus

    Thanks from France for this video!

  48. Wellington Harris

    1:27 something hit the side of the rocket and damaged it

  49. TheFLOW1978

    Thank you for the video. Ariane 5 is my true love ❤️ Happy seasons greetings

  50. UncleManuel

    Ariane 3: Moar Boosters! ^_^

  51. Tom F

    Oh God I was five back then… Hey forty years of european space, yay !

  52. Timber Micka

    Just a little thing about @1:10
    France’s and UK’s space programs are much older than the Europa project

  53. Francois Leveille

    Just love it when you post videos about what’s going on in the aerospace industry OUTSIDE the U.S.

  54. Rade-Blunner

    “It’s going to launch the James Webb telescope…”
    Hah! I’ll believe it when I see it!

  55. Alexandre Simon

    Thank you Scott for all the news and information you give us. It’s really useful for me and all the rest of the people. Especially for me who is studying space engineering. Also ESA FTW!

  56. roidroid

    0:28 No YOU’RE a roper launcher 👉

  57. zapfanzapfan

    I had heard that they used turbine exhaust to pressurize the tanks but that just seemed bonkers to me, now I understand :-)

  58. tariq ahmad

    @Scott Manley, do you watch Isaac Arthur? If yes would you do a video with him?

  59. The Aziz

    Ariane V looks just magnificent when it flies, what a beauty

  60. Joop Terwijn

    WoW… 996K subs,… are you going to hit The 1M in 2019 or in the sharp year 20-20! Thx, keep up the good work!

  61. Hamid

    I liked the home-made intro more

  62. Ken Leach

    Love the overview of 40 years! Keep it up

  63. Andrew Reynolds

    Ariane is doing a good job of holding onto their market share, despite constant predictions that they will fold. Good for them.

  64. kristenburnout1

    I didn’t know that the original Ariane series were made from steel! I love the Viking engine, such a simple looking design compared to US engines of the time. Sadly, it’s difficult to find good info on these rockets, as it seems most good documentation is in french.

  65. Bryce Cantrell

    Help Scotty get 1 million subs by the end of the year!!!!

  66. Ossie Dunstan

    Damn this vid made me realize how much i miss KSP, Bring on KSP2.

  67. kris hess

    God Bless Russia…………….thats all i have to say after seeing this.

  68. Jules E

    Les vieux souvenirs, merci Scott ! ;)

  69. Tom Ryner

    My goodness, the Lipstick rocket is still viable!!!

  70. asdsdjf asdjxajiosdqw

    Yes!!! I’d love more European oriented vids about space.

  71. Closer to Space

    Some anecdotes on the Ariane program:
    – The Americans attempted to detonate the first Ariane 1. Two Navy ships were under the rocket during the launch, and were interfering with communications with the launcher, trying to activate its self-destruction. Fortunately, they didn’t succeed.
    – The first stage of Ariane 1 was recovered at sea once on flight V-06 using parachutes. Another attempt failed during flight V-14 (when Giotto was sent), and it was never again tempted to recover a first stage of Ariane, the recovery barge was sold.
    – The names of European/French engines all start with the letter V with reference to the city of Vernon in Normandy (in France) where they were developed: Valois, Vexin, Viking, Vulcain, VINCI, Vikas, etc…
    – Ariane 3 and 4 powder boosters were recovered during all their flights, they didn’t have parachutes and crashed in the jungle. Today they are still stored in the former Diamant launch area.
    – Ariane’s Viking engines were so efficient that after twenty flights, the Viking engines weren’t even tested before being launched! India has also asked France to develop an engine for its GSLV, derived from the Viking, the Vikas. On the GSLV Mark III, the first stage is powered by a Vikas, where the powder boosters are derived from those of Ariane 5, a real French rocket in India!
    – Ariane 5 boosters were recovered many times in flight, using parachutes supplied by the Russians located in the cones of the boosters. It gave us dozens of beautiful images of Ariane’s half-submerged boosters, with people “surfing” on it.
    – The parachute system used in the Ariane 5 boosters comes from the Soviet super-heavy launcher Energiya, which launched the Buran shuttle. Energiya should have had its boosters reused, come back under parachutes with landing gears. It isn’t known whether this recovery was attempted or not.
    – Today only one full-size model of the Hermès shuttle is still complete. It was abandoned in a hangar at the Bourget museum, north of Paris. During the 1989 Paris Air Show, there were Hermès, Buran and MAKS, three shuttles in the same place!
    – Hermès ejection seats were the same as Buran’s, and the shuttle was like Buran capable of flying automatically.

  72. Johan Hoevink

    Great overview of the european rocket! Little extra information. All Ariane rockets launched from French Guiana in South America at the Guiana Space Centre.

  73. Massimo Giardina

    Oh finally a good video about ESA.

  74. Diggnuts

    Combustion inside tank… bad idea… got it.. Thanks.

  75. Phos9

    I had a münar lander that used that style of steering, just four of the little one axis gimbal engines. I think it was to deliver more batteries to a münar lab.

  76. ScoopexUs

    I’m not really a rockethead, but I’m a bit ashamed to admit that I live in Europe, yet know less about our rockets than about the American rockets and the Soyuzes.

  77. Wyatt Foster

    I came for Kerbal Space Program. I stayed for the science.

  78. Booming

    This is the video I would have needed when I was smaller and liked to watch rocket launches or download pictures from rockets and planes from the internet. I was so small. OK, correction: I would have needed that video in German.

  79. Pavor

    We sure have been lighting stuff on fire and being amazed by it for a long long time now.

  80. Dark Knighte Apologeticz

    Yay, more rocket launches. Yayness. I need to watch your videos more often. I hope you enjoyed your Xmas, because I enjoyed my Xmas. I like your videos. You’re awesome.
    Have a nice day/night.

  81. Jeffrey Bue

    ESA just did a vid on the Ariane history and I figured you’d be putting out a vid too. Love the channel Scott.

  82. TommY SmittY

    Happy birthday Ariane, yes I know as they did in 1979 as my sisters Name is the same !

  83. Jan müller

    Will Scott reach 1 Million Subscribers in 2019 or in 2020?

  84. Carde

    Just quietly going on doing it’s business with so many eyes on other places. Got to have a lot of respect for this family of rockets.

  85. Jan M

    When I did my practice as a automation engineer, in the mid 1990’s, I was in the workshop in Sweden that welded the bell, probably for the prototype Ariane 5 Vulcain engine. I still think this is quite cool.

  86. Alpha Adhito

    10:38 When 2 stack isn’t enough, you put 3 stack in one launch

  87. Kaiser 1404

    Ariane 4 is one of my favorit Rockets

  88. Man and dog

    1:26 looks like a peace of cover knocked a hole in the side….was waiting for it to splod….

  89. Richard Solomon

    Jwst will launch 2 weeks after fusion energy becomes viable.

  90. Dmytro Picky

    guys we have 4 more days to put Scott over 1 mil subs. common push it!)

  91. Edu

    There’s an Ariane 4 mockup here in Seville, it was put there for the 1992 Expo, and it’s still standing. It still amazes me when I go past it, it’s huge!

  92. Charles Yuditsky

    Hey Scott, Maybe you could do a special on the Vanguard? Seems like it is the rocket design that many budding space programs look to for their first “training rocket”

  93. FandersonUfo

    Merry Christmas Scott. Thanks for covering the evolution of Ariane.

  94. Kaos Wylie

    Is anyone one else extremely uncomfortable with a rocket that hits itself on launch?

  95. benmol

    Happy to see some French and European rocket history on your channel !

  96. Tom Ryner

    As a European (Swede) I’d like to have ESA and Ariane Space to have better live coverage ‐ie SpaceX‐ so today I wrote Ariane Space to ask for MORE CAMERAS!!! The Ariane V is an awesome rocket and we Europeans should be more proud of is. Wat will A VI be like?

  97. Zack Farrer

    Scott Manley is the gift that keeps on giving all year long

  98. Ashton Compton

    Ariane 3 be like “just slap on some srbs it’ll be fine”

  99. Christopher Willis

    I like how a lot of these designs are exactly how my ksp evolutions are…”Ok now bigger, ok now side boosters, ok now bigger both, OK BIGGER AGAIN”

  100. Steve Mclean

    When the James Webb launches it will be nerve wracking, I can’t wait to see it working.

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