Early Galaxies Ran on Empty Gas Tanks


Vote for this video by social sharing!
This video was sponsored by Surfshark. Get Surfshark VPN at https://surfshark.deals/scishowspace – Enter promo code scishowspace for 83% off and 3 extra months for free!

Many galaxies formed fast after the Big Bang, but about half of them suddenly stopped making new stars and it looks like this is literally because they ran out of gas. And with new instruments and techniques, we are now finding lost galaxies hidden in dust!

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2021/hubble-finds-early-massive-galaxies-running-on-empty
https://www.almaobservatory.org/en/press-releases/alma-scientists-uncover-the-mystery-of-early-massive-galaxies-running-on-empty/
https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/928722
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-021-03806-7

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/09/210922121803.htm
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-021-03846-z

Image

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/star-formation-in-the-constellation-of-gemini-the-twins

https://www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/800363

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Hubble_Space_Telescope_in_orbit.tif

https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/chandra/images/astronomers-pursue-renegade-supermassive-black-hole.html

Tags: scishow, scishow space, Space, Science, hank green, astrophysics, astronomy, james webb space telescope, gas, galaxy

Comments:
  1. Derek Floyd

    Early galaxies were like my dad: to him, the E meant “Eh, there’s still a quarter-tank left.”

  2. jacob

    we dont know the true age of the universe though

  3. Matt Perdeck

    So if you lived on a planet in one of those galaxies hidden by gas 13 billion years ago, would you see no stars because of the gas? Or does the gas only matter over distances of billions of lightyears?

  4. cutetinyzombie

    James Webb scheduled to launch by the end of the year… that phrase gives me a sense of dejavu… I wonder why…

  5. Lois Hawkey

    83%.

  6. The Freshest

    How far we look and how long ago it was is not a 1 to 1 ratio. The CMB is 46 billion light-years away because of inflation and expanding spacetime

  7. David Maurand

    hmmm… you showed the big bang starting from a point rather than everywhere at once. : /

  8. Tinysim

    JWST launch date is one of the great mysteries of the universe.

  9. Angela Anita

    People will be kicking themselves in few weeks if they miss the opportunity to buy and invest in bitcoin

  10. pyronac1

    with how long we have waited and the much anticipation of its launch, i have a feeling that the James Web telescope will not make it to space. and if it does, something will go wrong and it will be too far away to fix.

  11. TheRealWormbo

    I swear, VPN providers only have two stories โ€“ either “your ISP is spying on you” (without going into details why the ISP would be more problematic than the VPN provider, despite the latter being the one with device access through an app), or “here’s a thing you can do that totally violates the EULA of the service, but that’ your problem, not ours”.

  12. thisiszaphod

    I expect James Webb himself was very late for everything….

  13. Danni Antagonist

    *laughs in British* ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ

  14. Daniel M.

    “While you wait for the telescope to launch” ๐Ÿ˜‚

    (For those that don’t know the James-Webb Space Telescope began development in 1996 & was originally scheduled to launch in 2007… it’s a bit of a running joke in the Astro community that it’s always launching ‘next year’).

  15. TheScaper28

    Only a billion years if light travels the same speed in all directions.

  16. Karthik Haritha

    James Webb telescope… Are you ready to be deployed this year? Or do we keep waiting and hoping our grandchildren can see you be deployed?

  17. sarcasmo57

    That is super interesting.

  18. AndyBeans

    “JWST… which will launch later this year” I honestly checked the timestamp to see if I was watching an old or current video ๐Ÿ˜

  19. John Briggs

    5:30 thereโ€™s our daily James Web.

  20. Patrick Egan

    You just delayed James Webb telescope by 1 week for mentioning it by name in a YT vid lol

  21. Guy Boo

    “IT WAS ALIENS!”

    “There was barely any heavy elements in the universe at this time, how could it have been aliens? What would they have been made out of?”

    “…MORE ALIENS. GEEZ, KEEP UP.”

  22. Pup314

    James webb telescope is a boondoggle and will never launch.

  23. P Bebnowski

    Really YouTubers? No cold gas jokes?

  24. InfamousMrFox

    When did wrestling legend Big Show started hosting SciShow Space?

  25. d R

    God I hate these utterly inane and specious clickbait titles. Just call it what it is. There’s no “tank” involved here. If you care more about view counts than actually educating people, you have absolutely no business operating a channel of this type. Besides, people who are attracted by clickbait titles are intellectually deprived, and some of them even consider being educated a negative thing – it’s totally bizarre how some people seem to have zero interest in the world around them. They must live such empty lives.

  26. Grow How

    What temperatures are we talking about for cold and hot gas?

  27. Bashar Mously

    We will have warp 5 starships before the James Webb Space Telescope launches.

  28. Jansen Art

    JWST is such a jock telescope. Held back multiple times but king of the schoolyard.

  29. Jansen Art

    Glad we didn’t tell anyone religious about this gap in our knowledge. Sounds like a perfect stretch of ignorance for “god” to bondo over.

  30. Justin Bellotti

    The thumbnail to this vid made me realize that the gas station logo looks like a one person hostage situation.

  31. Troy Graham

    I like to think about how there’s a bunch of photons blasting earth’s history across space. Of course, instantly travelling to 6000 (insert number really) light years away to catch the photons that left earth 6000 years ago would be absolutely impossible but they are out there, somewhere, travelling super fast.

  32. Militant Pacifist

    What do Metroid Prime 4 and the James Webb Space Telescope have in common?

    Theyโ€™re both taking a long time to launch.

  33. WestOfEarth

    Wouldn’t UV radiation be stretched due to red shift? I mean they must have known that and wouldn’t have considered using UV telescopes, right?

  34. aaron4820

    UK right now: not cool

  35. Robert McGarry

    So every video I’ve watched today has had a food pun as the main comment. It’s becoming obvious that they aren’t real comments.

  36. Marin3r

    Welcome back Reid!

  37. Austin Hibdon

    Still holding out hope the JWST is going to launch, eh? ๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚

  38. Bryan Smith

    Whole galaxies have been born … and died.

  39. Chris Heichel

    Doesn’t the cold gas get hot as it starts clumping together pushing it apart again before it has a chance to make the star?

  40. ะ’ะฐะปะตะฝั‚ะธะฝ ะšะพัั‚ัŽะบ

    Hello, missed your voice.

  41. RotcodFox

    If the nearest solar system (Proxima) is 4.25 lightyears away, how long would it take a spaceship to reach it? Maybe 15 years?

  42. 0.75 Bond Albedo

    No, no they didn’t

  43. Justajoke Forme

    Galaxy is like jello

  44. Brent Fraliex

    Keeps saying dust makes me think of some His Dark Materials episodes.

  45. Amy Dentata

    Rihanna-ization

  46. Scribe13

    This guy’s voice is like a big bowl of hearty beef stew

  47. CX32

    Glad to finally view one of your videos without Hank!

  48. Osmosis Jones

    How did Stars Form when universe was the size of my house

  49. Jamie Fitzpatrick

    So much is waiting for James Webb. Iโ€™d lose every coin toss, dice roll, and card flop for the rest of my life for the James Webb Space Telescope to arrive and deploy with no hiccups. – December 18th ๐Ÿคž

  50. Matchrocket

    I don’t like to play favorites, but you are one of my favorite hosts Reid.

  51. andyman aus

    It will be the biggest discovery in space science history when we finally find those literal empty gas tanks floating around the galaxy centres.

  52. dreamingwolf8382

    What does it mean when a galaxy is ‘dead’?

  53. In the beginning the Univ

    british people be like: hmm how can I apply this principle to my car

  54. oopsy444

    Idk if I want a shark in my house. Theres only room for one endlessly hungry boneless blob of flesh and thats …..my cat luigi.

  55. BanterRanter

    STOP MOCKING UK ๐Ÿ™„๐Ÿค” ๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚

  56. New Message

    Well, we all run on fumes during our student days…

  57. Mathieu Leader

    how timely us in the uk are having a gas crisis

  58. Julio Jimenez

    Reid always delivers a flawless sci show space episode. He is not harsh in the eye as well.

  59. Moon Dawg

    First

Comments are closed.