Detection of a 2nd Type of Nuclear Fusion Inside the Sun

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Hello and welcome! My name is Anton and in this video, we will talk about the major confirmation that our sun has another type of fusion going on inside of it.
Older paper:
Bethe’s paper:

Tags: anton petrov, science, physics, astrophysics, astronomy, universe, whatdamath, what da math, technology, steven universe, space engine, universe sandbox 2, cno cycle, fusion, cno fusion, cno reaction, carbon nitrogen oxygen, neutrino, sun neutrino, p p cycle, pp cycle, protein protein fusion, pp fusion, proton-proton fusion, proton–proton chain reaction, cno cycle neutrino, pp cycle neutrino, catalytic cycle, how sun produces energy, sun fusion, fusion in the sun, procyon, Borexino

  1. Chad Bremer

    Did you get a new camera or change something? You seem a lot clearer in the videos now. Looks good, what ever you changed. Keep up the good work.

  2. Michael Burke

    The PP cycle is a gusher of energy production at roughly 99% of total output.

  3. Emcee Boogieboots

    So Anton, you have managed to get some funny lessons from ZeFrank?😂

  4. Gaia Legend

    So that’s where Pokemon came from! Their PP fused in the sun!

  5. Rafael W.

    I still don’t understand what a PP-cycle is and I don’t know if this phrase even exists in english:
    “Don’t piss against the wind.”
    Is that what you meant?

  6. I REZ

    Anton has taught me more about space than all of my science teachers combined. Thank you.

  7. Francisco Martinez

    I always thought the PP cycle started with alcohol. Guess I was wrong.

  8. Andrew

    Its good to know that Whiplash is doing something good with his life since Tony Stark locked him up.

  9. John Ringo

    This one gets a WOW, Anton! Good work, very informative.

  10. N-ne

    Hear me out, what if we can call this new way, the brown cycle?

  11. Billy Masterson

    I love that Anton was fully aware that the _pp cycle_ would lead to jokes. I appreciate him having awareness for his more immature audience. Thanks.

  12. Kultikron Vaan

    The ultimate Big PP energy.

  13. Social Justice Warrior

    5:14 Is this a real shot of the sun, or is this computer generated ? 5:14

  14. Agent 86

    For me, the p-p cycle starts with H2O, sometimes Stella Artois.

  15. JW Fas

    I can’t wait for the PP livestream…

  16. sleepingbag

    If fusion is so great, why don’t they make a fusion 2?

    Oh, nevermind.

  17. Machinshin

    How come those really hot stars only live a fraction of our suns lifespan, even thou it uses a much more efficient burning method ?

  18. Patrick Parker

    Glad they chose to use my initials for this new cycle!☺️😂

  19. Over the hill Dill

    Whew! Glad the video is over cuz now my pp cycle is coming on.

  20. Kevin Ward

    this channel is seriously dope! keep it up dude wanna hear more about that seawater car!

  21. Johnny Blaze

    I like to think my morning PP cycle also consist of high energy forces showering down glowing neutrino particles into a vacuous circular crevasse inside the mouth of the Earth’s core.

  22. Equales Rex

    It Stang’s to reason that there maybe more than 2 fusion processes in larger stars

  23. Texas Flash cove Installe

    Anton and Tamitha sitting in a tree And along came Ben and facked it all up 😂😂

  24. Tony J

    Now see, the PP cycle is when the protons have to cross their legs before having a chance to ‘go’ after fusing.

  25. Downskated

    Well what can we say that’s big PP energy for you

  26. An No

    Yeah, next week you’re going to tell us about a swarm of shooting stars called “Golden Shower”… i am getting worried (a bit)

  27. thhseeking

    How the smeg did you keep a straight face? :D

  28. The Kiosk

    Anton, it’s perfectly fine to call it the p-p cycle. The reasoning is simple: that fusion cycle is responsible for life as we know it. It’s not just any p-p cycle, it’s The Big p-p cycle.

    Physics is full of win now.

  29. Ian Benninghaus

    Hello wonderful person.

    Am I the only one who misses “let’s talk some more about this, welcome to What Da Math”??

  30. Lorespade

    i have the wonderful person shirt on right now. I also have my own PP cycle. i drink water then i have to go PP.

  31. SpectatingBystander

    There’s 2 types of reactions going off in the Sun 1 is from Captain Atom the other is from Dr Manhattan

  32. Heaven 42

    This solves the PMS Cycle.
    For Sure, ! Hahaha

  33. evlev

    The PP cycle is not the 2nd cycle, it is “number 1”

  34. joey padgett

    Me:*turns on megaphone* PP CYCLE!

  35. Luke Clack


  36. Henry Tjernlund

    Might the CNO cycle be used in fusion energy production?

  37. J G

    As long as the sun doesn’t rain on my parade, I shall not fear being subject to a …

  38. KS Scientist or rapper

    I’ve been fusing my bladder with beer via the pb cycle since noon, however it seems this reaction is only going on direction 🤓

  39. hutchison82

    2020 The neutrino’s coming from the Sun have mutated I’m heading for the Himalayas

  40. Baughbe

    I wonder if the small amount of CNO cycle buffers the overall reaction rate and keeps our sun as a ‘calm’ star versus the heavy flare ejecting stars that are smaller than the sun.

  41. nekad2000

    CNO sounds like the closest thing we might ever have to a perpetual motion machine if we could reproduce it

  42. Raymond Luxury-Yacht

    Hi Anton, does the model used to determine the age of Methusalah’s star use the PP cycle, or would applying this type of fusion bring it back to within the age of the universe?

  43. tessie

    3:15 peek Anton awareness levels.

  44. Rock Barcellos

    You missed the chance to use “PP energy” aswell XD

  45. AceNovaStars' Space

    Thanks for the interesting topic and the amazing giggles that followed. Keep up the great work! I’m learning new and interesting things every time I tune in to this channel.

  46. Trevor Lancaster

    20th time he said pp cycle and it still made me laugh 😂

  47. I don't want a channel I'

    I suggested this to a science fiction author, and they rejected me for simply citing Wikipedia. …im finally vindicated. I can’t wait to rub it in.

  48. gelisob

    Careful with claiming we know our universe pretty well, while 95% of the universe is missing and is explained away with “Dark something” that nobody can detect :P

  49. Alex kool

    WTF??? Lol!!! Nature is weird 😅😅😅

  50. E2 theLP

    All PP aside, what does this have to say for the current attempts at fusion energy reactors?

  51. Patrick Nelson

    The PP cycle drives the winds on Uranus. _Think about that._

  52. Jason Georgiou

    So does confirmation of the CNO cycle adjust the lifetime of the Sun in any way and will it become our Sun’s predominant form of fusion as time goes by?

  53. Phantom Ooze

    I’ve heard the first time of the CNO cycle. Are there other fusion cycles as well? Can we improve our knowledge about fusion and find a more efficient solution to the hydrogene fusion?

  54. TrikeRoadPoet

    Interesting information, the universe is more amazing then it was yesterday!

  55. Walter Bishop

    i like the “pepe cycle”

  56. zounoa a

    Saying “Pretty Interesting” about anything on this channel is redundant >﹏<

  57. Dave MacKay

    Amazing that this was theorized in 1932 and proven true all the years later. Thanks for all the videos!

  58. ThatGuyOnCaffeine


  59. stevierv22

    Ah yes the pp cycle, it was confirmed by experiments on the hardon collider :D

  60. Neuropsych

    PP Cycle sounds like it could be totally rad on dirt…I’ll have mine in purple…

  61. Hal Asimov

    Almost everyday you find a world changing story to cover that changes the nature of reality as we know it.
    What Da Math!

  62. John Irby

    The sun has it’s own catalytic converter.

  63. schaerful

    Anton: when you express temperatures in Kelvin it is custom not to say “degrees Kelvin” but just “Kelvin” only.

  64. SlappyGomez

    When two atoms really love each other…

  65. North Georgia Hawg

    I did a PP cycle while watching this video…

    Seriously Anton, I ❤️❤️❤️ your videos! You do a great job!

  66. ftumschk

    Taking *_pp_* as the musical abbreviation, I think I’ll call them “pianissimo neutrinos”.

  67. Jason G

    I once heard someone say to stop a neutrino from hitting you you would need to hide behind a lead door 5 light years thick. I think it’s a neutrino.

  68. PenPenguin

    I go through a pp cycle every morning when I wake up

  69. Joe abazag

    00:45 i see what you did there Anton. I see you😂

  70. Anik Samiur Rahman

    George Gamow once invited Ralph Alpher and Hans Bethe to co-author a paper with him just to make the ɑ-β-γ pun.

  71. Pvt Carney

    So class today we’re learning about my PP cycle.

  72. Myem

    This might be the case with other elements aswell with higher temperatures

  73. space dude

    Man our sun is finally going threw puberty

  74. Mike Clark

    This is actually the first time I’ve heard it called the P-P cycle. I’ve always heard it as Proton-Proton cycle.

  75. Mike

    May we please have a Wonderful Person PP-cycle shirt?

  76. Mike Corey

    Those particles slowly make their way to the planet Earth at the speed of light.

  77. aidanjt

    Big PP energy coming from the Sun!

  78. Rodrigo Valle Teixeira

    CNO cycle? So there’s another fusion cycle in the stars other than PP… There is always something new to learn in this channel. Thanks Anton!

  79. Shlomo Ishtov

    Definitely need “Basking in the Warmth of the P-P cycle” t-shirts…

  80. Savage Hornpoke

    So Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen and Nitrogen. Sounds like the Sun runs on Sugar.

  81. cdurkinz

    That’s really interesting I actually never heard of the second type of cycle before.

  82. realbibob

    Ah yes big PP energy

  83. Gregg Weber

    Is there an oscillation or beat frequency between these that produces the 11 year Sunspot Cycle?

  84. Troy Rubert

    Bro one of my doctors built that neutrino detector. So cool!

  85. Sethan Dotts

    You’re on a 7 year streak of making great videos! Keep it up

  86. Adymn Sani

    oh, I meant to say I received my version of your Wonderful Person T-shirt, it’s great thanks for having it made

  87. Kris Jankiewicz

    Patient: Doctor, why does it burn during my p-p cycles?
    Doctor: Because fusion.

  88. Raddy P. aka Velo

    you’ve hears of Louis Rossman’s PP bus, now get ready for… PP cycle. lol

  89. ArchEnema 67

    I have detected a fusion of the Funky and the Psychedelic inside the Sun.
    Our star is very Funkadelic.

  90. Dough Nut

    The pp cycle – “A huge step forward for the science in general”

  91. Lasha Martashvili

    Astrophysicicts can use “DT cycle” insead and leave peepee cycle to biochemists as a second name for the urea cycle.

  92. Tina AstroNerd

    “Leave your jokes in the comments…”

    Oh Anton….. what have you done? LOL

  93. Brain Muffins

    Anton: “We can now rest easy”
    Nature: “Them’s fightin’ words”

  94. Saint Jimmy

    Yeah, my granddaughter of five thought that was funny. Sometimes even science types need to have fun. 😭😂🤣👍👌

  95. MaxWindshear

    Butthead: “Aaaah, hu hu, he said Pee Pee cycle!”

  96. Flare4 Communication

    PP Cycle sounds like a motorcycle that uses urine as fuel, lol

  97. Josh

    Anton is the only guy I would ever listen to while they talk about the pp cycle.

  98. Джованни Четыре Дублёнки

    Anton: “PP cycle”
    My inner 12 year old: “hehehe”

  99. Ace

    Sun: Uuuuugh…stupid humans and their “scientific names”…

    Uranus: Bruh.

  100. Chris Midyette

    So literally we are getting a golden shower from the Sun everyday

Comments are closed.